Recreating Place in Iranian Monuments Case Study: Hafez Garden-Tomb (1452-1936 A.D.)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Architecture, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran.

2 Department of Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.



Sense of place is the factor that transforms a space into a place with special sensory and behavioural characteristics
for individuals. Place is a sensible and perceptible space associated with memory, of which part of meaning can be
traced in human experience and emotions. The key questions addressed in this article are how human beings feel
the environment through form structures, and what physical components and formal factors affect human beings’
perception of a place. Finding replies to these questions requires understanding the factors and physical components
causing sense of place and the effects of such factors and components both on creating sense of place and on one
another. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the effects and roles of architectural forms and structures of an
environment on creating positive and negative emotions toward a place. To this end, we mention the meanings of such
concepts as place, sense of place, and physical components being effective in creating sense of place, followed by an
elaboration of different types of factors and components as well as their effects on creating sense of place. The data
required for this study was collected using a descriptive-analytical research method combined with a case study on
Hafez Garden-Tomb in the north of Shiraz and in the south of the gates of the Quran. The results indicated that both
the physical environment and forms play important roles in creating sense of place through specific mechanisms. In
addition, the findings of the case study showed that the structural form of Hafez Garden-Tomb consists of components
having effects not only on the sense associated with the place but also on other factors creating sense of place.


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