Studying the Recognition: An Overview of the Qajar Tile Art with an Emphasis on the Basis of “Khaneh Atroush” Glazed Tile in Shiraz

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Archaeology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran.



Since many centuries ago, the art of tiling in Iran has been one of the most remarkable and plausible arts. The tile art-work is related to the subject of architecture, and beside its decorative aspect, it maintains the building endurance against humidity. Qajar period tiling was mainly used on the works of palaces, mosques, sacred shrines, religious schools and houses. Even in this period, it can be said that vase designs emphasizing naturalistic elements were more used, such as fruits, flowers, animals and birds were the main composition. In fact, the quality of art-work in Qajar’s period is not comparable with such of Safavid dynasty, but still it is considered as one of the brilliant art of this land. According to the deserted researches in Qajar’s period, particularly in tile-designing of Shiraz, this article tries to evaluate and introduce the tiling art of this period. Among many instances of tile art-work in houses of Qajar and Pahlavi, we opted for “Khaneh Atroush” or old residence of Hajj Mohammad Ali Firozabadi because of its fascinating tile art-work. Although the date of tiling of house referred to 1894, but it is considerable in style of Qajar’s painting.


Ajand, Yacob. 2006. From workshop to university in Qajar’s painting (a research shows exchanging the system of master-apprentice into academic system), FineArt magazine, vol 26, Summer 2006, 93-103
Scharchian, Jean Roberto. 1997. The art of Safavid, Zand, and Qajar, Molli Publication, Tehran, Pakbaz, Rouen. 2007. Iranian painting, from ancient to contemporary, Zareen and Simin publication,Tehran,
Porter, Venetia & Shayesteh far, Mehrnaz. 1997. Islamic Tile, ministry of culture publication, Tehran.
Seif, Hadi. 1997, painting on tile, Soroosh, Tehran. Flour,William; Peter Chelkovsky & Maryam Ikhtyar2002, Painting and painters of Qajar’s dynastye,Ill Shahsavan Baghdadi publication, Tehran
Karimi, Fatemeh & Mohammad Yusuf Kiani,1985. Theart of earthenware in Islamic era of Iran, Center
of Archeology of Iran.
Carbone, Stefano; Tomoko Masovia & Mehrnaz
Shayesteh far, 2002. Iranian Tiles, Institution of
Islamic Arts Studies, Tehran.
Kiani, Mohammad; Yusuf Karimi & Fatemeh Qochani1983. An introduction to tiling art of Iran, RezaAbbasi Museum, Tehran.
Mollazadeh, Kazem & Maryam Mohammadi, 2007.Historical Houses, Encyclopedia of Historical sites of Iran in Islamic period, Vol. 7, Soreh MehrPublication, Tehran.
Willson Allen, James & Mehnaz Shayesteh Far, 2004.The Islamic Earthenware, Institution of IslamicArt Studies Publication, Tehran.
Pope, A.U. 1939. A Survey of persian art from prehistorictime to the present, London.
Savory, R. M.1980. Iran under the Safavids, Cambridge.
Chardin, Jean. 1723. journal du voyage de ChevalierChardin en Perse, vol VII, Paris.
Frye, Richard N. 1979. Islamic Iran and Central Asia,London.
Godard, André. 1962. l’Art de l’Iran, Paris..
Hillenbrand, Robert, 1999. Islamic art and Architecture,London.
Wilber, D. N. 1955. The Architecture of Islamic Iran: TheIl-Khanid period, New York.