Studying the Recognition: An Overview of the Qajar Tile Art with an Emphasis on the Basis of “Khaneh Atroush” Glazed Tile in Shiraz

Document Type : Research Article

Author

Department of Archaeology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran.

10.22111/ijas.2020.6569

Abstract

Since many centuries ago, the art of tiling in Iran has been one of the most remarkable and plausible arts. The tile art-work is related to the subject of architecture, and beside its decorative aspect, it maintains the building endurance against humidity. Qajar period tiling was mainly used on the works of palaces, mosques, sacred shrines, religious schools and houses. Even in this period, it can be said that vase designs emphasizing naturalistic elements were more used, such as fruits, flowers, animals and birds were the main composition. In fact, the quality of art-work in Qajar’s period is not comparable with such of Safavid dynasty, but still it is considered as one of the brilliant art of this land. According to the deserted researches in Qajar’s period, particularly in tile-designing of Shiraz, this article tries to evaluate and introduce the tiling art of this period. Among many instances of tile art-work in houses of Qajar and Pahlavi, we opted for “Khaneh Atroush” or old residence of Hajj Mohammad Ali Firozabadi because of its fascinating tile art-work. Although the date of tiling of house referred to 1894, but it is considerable in style of Qajar’s painting.

Keywords


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