An Investigation of the Impact of Baghdad and Seljuk Miniature Painting Schools on Minai Wares

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of archaeology, Faculty of Preservation and Conservation, Art University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

2 Department of Archaeology, Shahr-e Kord University, Shahr-e Kord, Iran.


Pottery art in Iran reached its apex during the Seljuk and Kharazmshahi eras. In these two periods, artists produced
high-quality wares, with Minai decorations which are considered as masterpieces of Islamic art from an aesthetical
point of view. These wares were decorated with motifs from manuscripts illustrated by artists from Baghdad and
Seljuk miniature painting schools portraying epic stories in the Shahnameh or love stories in Nezami’s Khamse.
Although very noticeable, influences on Minai wares from miniature works of Baghdad and Seljuk schools have
received little attention by researchers. This led researchers to investigate the similarities of motifs remaining from
Baghdad and Seljuk schools in works such as Varagha and Golshah, Kalileh-and-Dimna and Hariri Maghamat to
recognise their influences on the motifs of Minai wares. The main purpose of this paper is to study and explore the
impact of Baghdad and Seljuk miniature painting schools on Minai wares and evaluate their respective influences
on Minai wares. The methodological approach applied in this study includes historical-comparative analysis as
well as researches in libraries and museums resources. Illustrated manuscripts belonging to Baghdad and Seljuk
schools were identified, their similarities and differences were singled out and finally their influences on Minai
wares were evaluated.


Akashe, Servat.2001 Islamic Miniature, Translation by:Gholamreza Tahami,Tehran, Soore MehrPublication.
Akbari, Teymour & Pouria Kashani2009 The History of Painting and Miniature inIran, Tehran, Sobhane-Noor Publication.
Arnold, Th.1965 Painting in Islam, New York.
Ashrafi Moghaddam, N.1988 Simultaneous Presentation of Painting withLiterature in Iran, Translation by RooinPakbaz, Tehran, University of TehranPublication.
Bahrami, Mehdi.1948 Ceramic Wares as an Industry in Iran,Tehran: University of Tehran Publication.
Bosworth, K.A; Darley Drun; Doubloa; Rodgers Kahen;K.S. Lambton & Hilen Brand2010 The History of Ancestry and PoliticalStatus of Ilkhanan in Iran's History (FromThe Arrival of Seljuk to the Collapse ofIlkhanan Government), Fifth Edition,Compiler: J.A. Boil, Translation by: HasanAnooshe,Tehran, Amirkabir Publication.
Bunion, Lawrence.2004 The Human Spirit in Asian Art, Translationby: Mohammadhussain Arya, Tehran,Culture and Islamic Science MinistryPublication.
2004 The History Of Painting in Iran, SepehrPrintery.
Buzzle, Gray.2005 Iranian Painting, Translation by: ArabaliSharveh, Tehran, Donyaye No Publication.
Ettinghausen, Richad.1970 Metropolitan Museum, The Flowering ofSeliuq Art, Journal,No.3,P.P. 113 -131.
Fehervari, Geza.2000 Ceramics of The Islamic World in the TareqRajab Museum, London/New York,Tauris.
2009 Islam World Pottery, Translation by:Mahnaz Shayeste Far, Art Studies InstitutionPublication.
Filiz Cagman & Zeren1986 The Topkapi Saray Museum,Tokyo.Grabar, Oleg & Richard Ettinghausen2005 Ummayyad's and Abbasid's Art, Translationby: Ya'ghub Ajand, Tehran, Mola Publication
Groube, Ernest J.2010 Islamic Pottery, Translation by: FarnazHaeri, Tehran, Krang Publication.
Konnel, Ernest.1989 Islamic Art, Tehran, Toos Publication.Lane, Arthur.
1971 Early Islamic Pottery, Persia Sryia, Egypt,Turkey, Faber London.
Mohammadhasan, Zaki.1993 The History of Painting in Iran, TranslatedBy: Abolghasim Sahab, Sahab Scientific,
Tehran, Geographic and CatographyPublication.
Papadopoulo Alexander.1979 Islam and Muslim Art, New York a TimesMirror CompanyPope, Arthur & Philips Ackerman
2008 Survey on Iran's Art from PrehistoricTimes to Present (Fourth, Fifth, Eighth AndNineth), Edited By: Sirous Parham, Tehran,Cultural and Scientific Publication.Http://Greatestbattles.Iblogger.Org/Turk/Seljuk. Htm. (Accessed on 18 Fّebruary
2013).Greatestbattles2013Metmuseum2013 Htt p : / /Metmuseum.Org/Col lect ions Galleries. (Accessed on 11 May 2013).
Pope, Arthur Upham.2005 Iran’s Art Masterpieces, Translation by:Parviz Natel Khanlari, Tehran, Cultural andScientific Publication.
Removal & Quo Apolonia2002 Iran's Painting and Literature, Translationby: Zohre Feyzi, Tehran, Art Academy
Rodgers, M.2005 Metalworking of Arts in Iran, Supervised byFerie W, Translation by: Parviz Marzban,Forozanfar Research Publication.
Smith, Philip.1999 Art History of Iran and The World,Translation by Farhad Goshayesh, MashhadPublication.
Watson, Oliver.2004 Ceramics From Islamic Lands,: Thamesand Hudson Ltd, London
Wiet, Gaston.1952 L'Egypt Arab, In G. Hanotaux, HistoireDe La Nation Egyptienne, Ed. Gabriel Hanotaux. Paris.