MTPHs, an Aesthetic Aspect of Local Architecture of Lenjanat


1 Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran

2 Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran.


Among the variety and diversity of pigeon houses, Multi-Tier Pigeon Houses (MTPHs) are distinguished from the functional and aesthetic point of view and are considered as a specific local architectural sights of Lenjanat. However, few studies have been conducted to study this type of pigeon house and these constructs have remained unknown. In this study we have conducted library and field studies because of the profusion and diversity of these pigeon houses in the Mobarakeh region and Flavarjan region. The aim of this study is typology and classification of Multi-Tier Pigeon Houses based on plan, structural, and technical analysis of these constructs. The results of this study show that the congestion of these pigeon houses has been in Lenjanat, and the geographical and climatic conditions have been effective in construction of these structures. The necessity of typology and classification of these constructions is crucial in saving the native architectural heritage of these areas.


ian, Ali.1998 Acquaintance with Lenjanat Area (InPersian). Isfahan: Naghshe KhorshidPublication.
Chardin, Joan.1995 Chardin’s Travelogue (In Persian). Translatedby Iqbal Yaghmaee. Vol. 2. Tehran: ToosPublication.
Cook,O.A. A1920 A Book of Dovecote. By: T. N. Foulis inLondon, Edinburgh and Boston.Farhadi, Mortaza.
1993 A Look at the Important and Backgroundof Pigeon House in Iran (In Persian).Presented in Litrary Artistic Festival of
Village. Tehran: Jihade Sazandegi.
Gobineau, Joseph ARrthur.1988 Three Years in Asia (In Persian). Translatedby AbdulReza Hushang Mahdavi. Tehran:
Hansell, J.1998 A Dovecote Heritage. Millstream Press.Hansell, P& Jean Hansell.
1998 Dove and Dovecotes. Millsream Press.
Heidari, Babakamal, Yadilah.2012 The Role of Pigeon Houses of Khansar andGopayegan in Economical, Social, Cultural
Areas from Archealogical Point of View(In Persian). M. A. Dissertation. TehranUniversity.
Husselman, E. M.1953 The Dovecote of Karanis. University ofMichigan Published in American PhilologicalAssociation.
Ibn Hawqal.1987 Ibn Hawqal’s Travelogue: Iran in Suratolarz.Translated and Edited by Dr. Jafar Shoaar.Tehran: Amirkabir Publication.Imamoglu, Vacit; Mustafa Korumaz & Cagri Imamoglu.
2005 A Fantasy in Central Anatolian ArchitecturalHeritage: Dove Cotes and Towers in Kayseri.Metu Journal of the Faculty of Architecture: 79-89.
Kaempfer, Engelbert.1981 Kaempfer’s Travelogue (In Persian).Translatedby Keikavoos Jahandari. Tehran: KharazmiPublication.
Karimi, Ismael.2003 Mobarakeh During History (In Persian). Qom:OmmeAbiha Publication.
Mahmudian, Muhammad & Ali Chitsaz.2000 Isfahan Pigeon Towers. Isfahan: GolhaPublication.
Muqaddasi, AbuAbdelah Muhammad Ibne Ahmad.1982 Hosnnoaltaghasim fi Maarefoalghalim (In
Persian).Translated by Dr.Ali Naghi Monzavi.Tehran:The Editors and Translators Company.
Mirzaee, Seyed Ayotolah.2003 A Survey on Cultural and EconomicalCharacterestics of Cylindrical PigeonHouses (The Case Study of Isfahan andNearby. Anthropology Journal (In Persian)1(4):115.
2007 Comparison of the Features and Function of
Pigeon Houses of Iran and England. AlaamehTabatabee University Publication (In Persian)37: 109-140. Tehran.
Naser Qosro.1969 Naser Qosro’s Travelogue With Roshanaee
Nameh and Saadat Nameh.Edited by MahmudGhanizade. Tehran: Asatir Publication.
Olearius, Adam.1369 Adam Olearius’s Travelogue (The Bloody
Isafahn of Safavid King) (In Persian).Translated by Hossein Kordbache. Vol. 2.Books for Everyone Company.
Ramsay, J & Yotam Tepper.2010 Signs From a Green Desert: a PreliminaryExamination of the Archaeobotanical RemainsFrom a Byzantine Dovecote Near Shivata,Palestine. Vegetation History andArcheaobotany 19: 235-242.
Sheil, Mary.1368 Lady Shell’s Diaries (In Persian). Translatedby Hasan Abutorabian. Tehran.
arghami, Ismael; Hanieh Okhovat & HamidReza
Azemati.2012 Anatomical and Structural Typology ofVillage Public Construcyions in Isfahan andCentral Anatoly (Investigated Case: PigeonHouse). House and Village Environment (InPersian)137: 37-52.
Zell-e-Soltan, Masud Mirza.1983 The History of Masudi, AutobiographicalDiary of Zello - Sultan (In Persian). Tehran:Babak Publication.